Batik is a craft that has high artistic value and has become part of the culture of Indonesia (particularly Java) since long. Javanese women in the past made their skills in batik for a living, so in the past batik work is exclusively women's work to finding "Batik Cap" which allows the entry of men into the field. There are some exceptions to this phenomenon, namely the coastal batik has the masculine lines as can be seen in shades of "Mega Clouds", which in some coastal areas batik work is common for men.
Batik variety of shades and colors influenced by various foreign influences. Initially, batik has a variety of styles and colors are limited, and some patterns may only be used by certain circles. But batik coastal absorb various external influences, such as foreign traders and also in the end, the invaders. Bright colors such as red popularized by the Chinese, who also popularized the phoenix pattern. European colonial nations also took interest in batik, and the result is a style previously unknown flowers (like tulips) and also objects brought by the colonizers (buildings or train horses), including their favorite colors such as blue. Retain traditional batik s type, and is still used in traditional ceremonies, because usually each style has a representation of each.
Batik technique has been known for thousands of years ago. No historical information is quite clear about the origins of batik. Some suspect this technique comes from the Sumerian, then developed in Java after brought by Indian traders. Currently batik can be found in many countries such as Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, India, Sri Lanka, and Iran. Besides Asia, batik is also very popular in several countries on the African continent. However, batik is very famous in the world is batik from Indonesia, mainly from Java.
The tradition of batik was originally a hereditary tradition, so sometimes a recognizable motif batik originated from a particular family. Some batik may indicate the status of a person. Even today, some batik motifs tadisional only used by the family palace of Yogyakarta and Surakarta.
Batik is an ancestral heritage of Indonesia (Java) which is still there. Batik is also first introduced to the world by President Suharto, who was then wearing batik at the UN Conference.