Komodo Island History
In 1901 the Dutch named the island on the south side of East Nusa Tenggara province is the nickname of the island of Komodo. This story begins with Lt. Steyn va Hens Broek who tries to prove statements about the presence of Dutch troops dragon looking like a monster on the island. Steyn then killed one of these dragons and bring documentation to the Museum and Botanical Garden in Bogor to be investigated.
Komodo National Park is a national park in Indonesia, located near the Lesser Sunda Islands in the border region between the province of East Nusa Tenggara and West Nusa Tenggara. Park includes three major islands of Komodo, Rinca, and Padar, as well as a number of other small islands and a total area reaches 1,817 km ² (603 km ² land). This national park was established in 1980 to protect the Komodo dragon. Then the national park is dedicated to protecting other species, including marine species. The islands in the park originated from volcanic activity. Approximately 4000 people live inside the park. In 1991 the park was named UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Scuba diving is a popular water sport in the Park because of high seas biodiversity, including sharks, ocean sunfish, manta rays, eagle rays, tiny seahorse, false pipefish, clown Frogfish, nudibranchs, blue-ringed octopus, sponges, tunicates, and corals. \ Since 1995, the national park authority has been supported by The Nature Conservancy (TNC), an American environmental organization. The new management plan in conjunction with TNC Authored and implemented in 2000 to address the increasing problems of natural resources, both marine and terrestrial. Most of the pressure on marine fisheries resources come from the public and commercial enterprises from outside the park. However, regulations and restrictions on the use of resources affect the majority of residents in the park, which has little choice to live and depend on what has ditawarkann park. Provision of alternative livelihoods is part of the overall management strategy, but people in the park has not benefited from the appropriate steps in addressing their needs.
Development - largely marine-based - ecotourism is the main strategy to make the park self-financing and generate sufficient revenue through entrance fees and tourism licenses to cover operational and managerial costs. Until now, a joint venture between TNC and a tourism agency to tour operators of concessions, which also extends to the right of the park management. These concessions generate controversy continued. The joint venture has been accused of making unilateral decisions, so many people around Komodo which states that the joint venture have not been consulted about decisions that ultimately affect the lives of people living on the island of Komodo and surrounding areas.
The most in the spotlight of controversy caused by the death of some fishermen since the 1980s. The situation of the fishermen who died showed that they seemed to be deliberately killed. conteste. While the parks patrol (including, police and navy personnel) claim they acted in self-defense, while accusing the park managers who intentionally kills fisherman.
Komodo National Park continue to provide a sense of respect for the tourists, but the conflict between park management, TNC, and the local community continue to not find a bright spot. Komodo National Park has been nominated and became one of 28 finalists to be one of the seven new wonders of the world. Mercury Development Solutions, a real estate development company based in Bali, is one of the companies active in the promotion and support for Komodo, to make it known in the international area. Kanawa Island, is the first step taken by the company to improve the facilities and accommodations for guests, bringing to a high standard of service and friendly environment.